John Jewell, Cardiff University
Providing perhaps a little schadenfreude-related light relief amid the seemingly endless EU referendum coverage was the news that The Sun columnist and former editor, Kelvin Mackenzie, was suffering from Brexit “buyer’s remorse”.
Through the platform of his weekly column, he told his many readers that four days after he felt the power of democracy while voting Leave he now doesn’t feel quite the same and has a sense of, “be careful of what you wish for”. Which is a great pity for both Mackenzie and Remain supporters – just last week he was using his column to list ten reasons why we must vote Brexit. Notable among his reasons for leaving the EU was the fact that it would lead to an Australian-style points system of immigration control which would prevent the UK’s population growing by 250,000 a year. That, said Mackenzie, was the equivalent of a new city the size of Wolverhampton.
Evidently, feeling that all was not quite as rosy as it might be in the shiny new Britain was apparent elsewhere in The Sun. The characteristically bullish confidence in Brexit that had been expressed throughout the campaign (and exemplified with the BELEAVE front page on June 14) was countered by an item in Friday’s online edition that warned of the effects of leaving the EU on “your wallet”. Readers were told, as the Independent helpfully summarised, that inflation and mortgages were likely to rise, beer prices would go up and rates of taxation would be increased.
This did not go down at all well with the below-the-line commenters, some of whose perfectly reasonable questions were typified by the rather aptly named John Public’s contribution:
Why didn’t you tell us before? Did you not think of this before the vote? Can we take it back now? Please?
So what is this “buyer’s remorse” that has become the phrase de jour? Put simply it’s an expression usually associated with the regret felt after the purchase of a particular product – which arises from the fear that investment in something expensive is both the wrong choice and not worth the money.
The more scholarly term for the condition is post-purchase evaluation, and in these situations we can expect customer complaints to be directed at the seller of the product who is now suspected of misleading the customer. In terms of Brexit, though, the situation is complicated by the fact that, as international financier George Soros observed, buyer’s remorse is applicable to all – the people who voted to leave, those who voted to remain, and to those who didn’t vote at all.
Hatred on the march
But in these early post-referendum times of economic and political uncertainty, what has become apparent and undeniable is the public rise of xenophobic and racist behaviour. The BBC’s Sima Kotecha reported her utter shock at being called a “Paki” in her hometown, while the Muslim Council of Britain has compiled more than 100 incidents of reported hate crimes following the referendum result.
David Cameron condemned the “despicable post-EU environment” as the police report more than a 57% rise in the reporting of hate crimes since Thursday. Agata Brzezniak a Polish student studying for a PhD in Chemistry, told the Independent:
[Like] many Polish people in the country I feared the EU referendum result would cause an increase in intolerance, discrimination and racism, but I didn’t think it would become so aggressive and be so immediate.
With this in mind it is impossible not to feel appalled by The Sun’s obvious joy in the fact that, in some areas of Britain, the streets are being “reclaimed”. On June 26 the Sunday edition carried a double page spread devoted to showcasing WHERE THE BREX WAS WON.
The pathetic pun alludes to the winning of a war, of course and the triumphalism was obvious – referring to Boston, Lincolnshire, the headline ran: “Streets full of Polish shops, kids not speaking English … but Union Jacks now flying high again”. In the aftermath of the vote, said the paper, a “buzz” was back in the “most murderous place in England and Wales” where one in six of the town’s 65,000 population are Eastern Europeans and 1,200 people – “mostly Brits” – are out of work.
As regular tabloid critic Tim Fenton attests, this is incitement and fraudulence. One resident is quoted as saying: “I don’t mind immigration. But we shouldn’t leave our keys in the front door”. A picture of a Polish corner shop ran with the caption: “Single market too far”. And residents looked forward to jobs for “British-born people”. But there is not one Eastern European voice heard, nor any non-white face among the portraits of the residents celebrating the vote to leave.
Maintain the rage
Criticising The Sun and its ideological colleagues, the Daily Express and Dail Mail, for their relentlessly xenophobic reporting is something which is both exasperating and necessary. For them, immigration is characterised only by threat. Immigrants are invaders, outsiders and criminals seduced by the lure of state-offered riches, superior housing and a life of luxury – all at the expense of an increasingly powerless indigenous population. That this was the characteristic coverage during the referendum period is irrefutable.
And while the debate about whether newspapers either reflect or shape their readers’ views is inconclusive and perpetual, newspapers still set the agenda for other news coverage. As the team from Loughborough University illustrated and Jane Martinson in The Guardian reported, where the press leads on stories, broadcast news follows. In the final weeks of the campaign Loughborough noted that immigration received more than twice as much media attention than the issue of sovereignty.
This is why The Sun, the Mail and the Express matter. If ever we think they are harmless, or funny or that our skins are too thin – it’s important to remember that oppression or prejudice in society is fuelled by indifference to the normalising inequalities of representation that occur every single day.
John Jewell, Director of Undergraduate Studies, School of Journalism, Media and Cultural Studies, Cardiff University
This article was originally published on The Conversation. Read the original article.