Philanthropist and co-founder of SCM Private
Brexit legal action
Miller is leading the judicial review of the government’s triggering of Article 50, which will kick off the negotiations about the UK’s exit from Europe. Represented by Mishcon de Reya, she says the action legally requires a vote in parliament.
Gina Miller is a London-based investment manager for the firm SCM Private, which she co-founded in 2014.
She was born in Guyana but grew up in Britain and is the lead claimant in the historic legal action against the Prime Minister, arguing that individual members of the Cabinet have no legal power to trigger Article 50 of the Lisbon Treaty to leave the European Union without the prior authorisation of Parliament and MPs.
She fought her case with several other applicants, including the so-called “People’s Challenge” which has the backing of thousands of supporters.
On Thursday, she succeeded in the first stage of her attempt to overturn Mrs May’s decision in judicial preview proceedings at the Royal Courts of Justice in London.
What’s Gina Miller’s background?
Ms Miller is the founder and chairman of Miller Philanthropy, which she launched with her husband Alan, the original “Mr Hedge Fund”, who made more than £30 million in the City.
The couple also launched the True and Fair Campaign, aimed at cutting charges on ISAs and rooting out “dishonesty” in the financial services industry.
She and her husband have been major contributors to the Margaret Thatcher infirmary at the Royal Hospital Chelsea, in addition to numerous small UK community charities and projects, and says her organisation always does its “due diligence” before helping any cause.
She offers her foundation’s services free of charge, and Miller Philanthropy also has a pro bono directory – the Goodwill Exchange – which is made up of experts, individuals and companies.
What do we know about the legal action?
The dispute was over whether Parliament as a whole or ministers have the authority to formally declare to the European Parliament that Britain is withdrawing from the EU under Article 50 of the Lisbon Treaty.
Article 50 states that any member state may leave “in accordance with its own constitutional requirements”.
The Government had argued that its executive powers, under the royal prerogative, were sufficient for David Davis, the Brexit Secretary, to formally announce Britain’s exit on behalf of Theresa May’s Cabinet.
Following a three-day hearing in October the Lord Chief Justice, Lord Thomas gave their ruling on Thursday morning in the landmark case.
What does she say about the High Court ruling?
Gina Miller, an investment fund manager and philanthropist, was applauded by supporters as she responded to the judgment at the entrance to the High Court in central London.
She said: “The result today is about all of us, it’s not about me or my team. It’s about our United Kingdom and all our futures. It’s not about how anyone voted.
“Every one of us voted for the best country and the best future. This case was about process not politics.”
Speaking before the Government announced it would be appealing, she urged ministers to make the “wise decision” not to challenge the ruling:
“My dedicated team at (legal firm) Mishcon (de Reya) and counsel and I are absolutely delighted that we have been able to be part of this debate, and to bring some sobriety as we go forward.
“The judgment, I hope – when it’s read by the Government and they contemplate the full judgment – that they will make the wise decision of not appealing but pressing forward and having a proper debate in our sovereign parliament, our mother of parliaments that we are so admired for all over the world.”
Miller and her husband Alan launched the True and Fair Campaign, calling for more transparency, and less “smoke and mirrors”, within the City of London’s fund management industry
In her own words
“We will be making the argument that the correct constitutional process of parliamentary scrutiny and approval – as well as consultation with the devolved administration in Scotland and Northern Ireland and the Welsh Assembly – needs to be followed. Otherwise the notice to withdraw from the European Union would be unlawful and subject to legal challenge.”